The Study of Zhang Zhung:
Attempts at Establishing a New Discipline
The Zhang Zhung kingdom was described in the Bon religious texts, Dunhuang
documents, and other Tibetan historical text. Oral and literary Tibetan
tradition mentions that Zhang Zhung was made up of three different regions:
sGo-ba, the outer; Phug-pa, the inner; and Bar-ba, the middle.
By Hiroya Iida
Linguistic Identities and Classifications in the Himalayan Periphery
‘To be human you must have a tribe. To have tribe you must have
mother tongue’ stated a Shona tribesman, when asked by the fieldworker
John Hofman for a definition of his identity (1977: 289).
By Mark Turin